- By Bernadette H. Carreon, Pacific Note
Tuna Commission says no to bigger US longline catch
The Western Central and Pacific Fisheries Commission ended on a positive note with several measures that will ensure that tuna stocks continue to be in a healthy state, earning praise from the Pacific nations and environmental groups.
But the commission rejected the proposal of United States to increase its bigeye catch limits for its Hawaii-based longline fleet and to increase its days for purse seine fishing on the high seas, based on the American claim that it was doing a better job of monitoring compliance with fishing rules.
During Friday night’s conclusion of the meeting, the 26-member WCPFC under the tutelage of outgoing chair Rhea Moss-Christian agreed to the adoption of the South Pacific albacore Interim Target Reference Point.
South Pacific albacore is the main commercial species for many small island countries in temperate waters. Currently stocks sit at 52 percent of original spawning biomass. The target reference point has been set at 56 percent of original spawning biomass. This is not the 60 percent sought the Forum Fisheries Agency countries to facilitate a return to profitability for their local fishing industry, but is seen by them as a very welcome step forward.
The commission also agreed to the extension of elements of the tropical tuna measure due to expire at the end of this year, for two years. The tropical tuna measure regulates fishing on bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tuna, which make up the vast majority of the Western and Central Pacific catch.
As part of extending the tropical tuna measure the commission agreed to proposals to increase provisions for a three-month prohibition on use of fish aggregating devices (FADs) by purse seiners in exclusive economic zones and high seas areas between 20°N and 20°S from Jul. 1-Sept. 30, and an additional two-month prohibition on FAD use on the high seas. By consensus, these FAD closures were extended through the end of 2020.
The commission also adopted
a resolution on ‘
a measure to provide additional funds to the Special Requirements Fund, which will help boost participation of Small Island Development State representatives in the decision-making processes of the Commission.
a plan to review of the WCPFC transshipment measure originally adopted in 2009 next year. “This review is critical to addressing the challenge of shortfalls in information from high seas transshipment activities, particularly on longline vessels,”
a new measure for the Compliance Monitoring Scheme. This will allow for continued monitoring and assessment of compliance by all commission members
measures to better protect seabirds from accidental catch by the longline fleet
No consensus or agreement was reached on shark management.
The adoption of a TRP for south Pacific albacore was hailed as a success by Pacific nations.
“It is really pleasing to me because we ended up agreeing on the Target Reference Point for albacore,” Tonga’s Minister of Fisheries Semisi Fakahau said of the outcome of the meeting.
“This is milestone for the management of the South Pacific albacore fishery,” Dr. Tupou-Roosen, Director General of the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency said.
"The setting of a Target Reference Point is something we had been advocating for a number of years now so to have been able to have the commission agree on that was particularly significant,” said Tepaeru Herrmann, chair of the FFA’s governing body the Forum Fisheries Committee on behalf of all FFA members.
On the tropical tuna measure Tupou-Roosen said: “We came into this week’s meeting with the position to maintain the strength of the existing tropical tuna measure — and this is what we accomplished.”
“FAD closures are an important conservation action that reduces catch of juvenile bigeye and yellowfin tuna,” said Ludwig Kumoru, CEO of the Parties to the Nauru Agreement. “Maintaining the FAD closures is contributing to sustainably managing our tuna stock,” he added.
The adoption of the resolution on labor standards delighted Pacific delegates and human rights groups.
“FFA Members continue to lead by setting the standards for responsible fishing in all respects,” Dr. Tupou-Roosen said, adding that the WCPFC is the first regional fisheries management organization to take this critical step for to improve conditions for crew and observers on board fishing vessels.
Outgoing chair Rhea Moss- Christian said “Members agreed [on the] measures that were adopted in Manila last year. We adopted measures in Manila anticipating a positive result on the additional bigeye stock assessment. We got that positive stock assessment result. We continued the measures as they are, so essentially, we maintained status quo.”
PEW Officer on Global Tuna Dave Gershman said “PEW is pleased that the commission took a positive step toward ensuring the health of bigeye tuna by agreeing not to weaken its conservation measures.”
PEW encouraged the Commission to use the breathing space until 2020 to develop its long-term harvest strategy for bigeye.
The United States delegation was asked for comment but was unavailable.
Next year’s WCPFC will be in PNG and the new chair Korea Jung-re Riley Kim will lead the commission.
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