REAL ID problems for FAS citizens
FSMers, Palauans, Marshallese being denied new REAL ID
driver's licenses and identification cards
Hawaii Sen. Mazie K. Hirono is concerned about recent reports of citizens of the Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, and Palau collectively (are being denied access to REAL ID Act-compliant driver’s licenses and identification cards.
Hirono has written to Lee Francis Cissna, the Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), and federal official Chad Wolf, urged them to take immediate action, citing a recently passed federal law addressing the situation.
In December, the REAL ID Act Modification for Freely Associated States Act unanimously passed the U.S. Senate with Hirono's support and was signed into law. The bill removes existing barriers that limit FAS citizens from accessing long-term, REAL ID Act-compliant driver’s licenses and identification cards. The REAL ID Act establishes national standards for state-issued driver’s licenses and identification cards, and prohibits federal agencies from accepting non-compliant IDs for official purposes. Without access to REAL ID Act-compliant IDs, FAS citizens face challenges maintaining employment and accessing critical services.
However, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s guidance to implement the 2018 law relies on regulations issued before the law was passed. These regulations require an unexpired visa or Employment Authorization Document (EAD) as evidence of identity to obtain a REAL ID Act-compliant ID.
But under decades-old defense treaties, known as the Compacts of Free Association, Americans and FAS citizens can live and work in each other’s countries indefinitely as non-immigrants without FAS citizens having to obtain visas or employment authorization documents in the United States. In addition, FAS citizens who have been able to apply for an EAD face a current backlog of an estimated 3.5 to 5.5 months to obtain an EAD. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in Hawaii alone, there are an estimated 17,205 FAS citizens.
“These challenges that FAS citizens face in accessing REAL ID Act-compliant IDs create hardships not only for FAS citizens, but also for the many U.S. employers who rely on FAS workers,” Senator Hirono stated in her letter. She further wrote that, “given the urgency of the situation, I ask that you immediately expedite processing of EAD applications from FAS citizens on a categorical basis until October 2020, when all states are expected to complete implementation of the REAL ID Act. I also ask that you continue working with my office to develop a longer-term solution to this issue.”
A full copy of Senator Hirono’s letter to Director Cissna and Mr. Wolf is available here.