Sen. Sabina Perez introduced Bill 53-35 to protect Guam’s reefs and vulnerable fisheries by ending scuba fishing in Guam’s waters. The bill is co-sponsored by Senator Clynt Ridgell and Speaker Tina Muña Barnes.
Studies show that scuba fishing allows for the targeting of reef fish at greater depths, and at greater efficiency, than traditional fishing methods. This relentless practice prevents struggling fish stocks from regenerating, which are essential to the health of coral reef ecosystems. In extreme cases, scuba fishing can contribute to fisheries collapse.
In a recent study of 832 coral reefs in 64 localities, two stood out for having fish biomass low enough to constitute fisheries collapse: Papua New Guinea and Guam. “We must act now if we hope to save our fisheries from collapse, which would have negative repercussions to our coral reefs,” said Sen. Perez.
Two species, once prevalent in Guam’s waters, are particularly vulnerable to scuba fishing: Atuhong (Humphead Parrotfish) and Tanguisson (Humphead Wrasse). Both require the ability to grow large in deep waters before returning and repopulating reefs. However, with the advent of scuba fishing, the largest of these fish are now being targeted in deep waters with startling efficiency. Data compiled by Guam Department of Agriculture show that all recorded catches of Atuhong and eighty-five percent of recorded Tanguissoncatch were caught by scuba fishing.
The ban proposed by Bill 53-35 has been adopted in 63 nations/jurisdictions, including the CNMI and most Pacific island nations, and seeks to end the damaging practice of scuba fishing in Guam in an effort to protect reducing fish stocks.